10 Questions to Ask About Breast Cancer Diagnosis

After confirming a breast cancer diagnosis, it could get difficult to focus on what to do next. You are understandably scared and confused, most likely because you’re not prepared—no one is—to discuss about prognosis and medication for cancer.

According to the best oncologist in Singapore, here are 10 questions you should ask your doctor. The answers of your specialist will help better understand your case and treatment choices.

1. “What type of breast cancer I am diagnosed with?”

Doctors classify breast cancers in various ways. The most common way is to locate where the cancer cells originate, which will determine whether the disease will spread and the kind of treatment to perform.
Most breast cancers, however, start in the milk ducts. They are known as invasive ductal carcinomas, meaning that they have penetrated the milk duct’s wall and propagated into the breast’s fatty tissues. Once the cancer is there, it’s possible for the cells to further spread to other parts of the body.

Rarer types of breast cancer diagnosed by an oncologist from Singapore may involve the breast’s connective tissues, the nipple, or the linings of the lymph or blood vessels. Some are also non-invasive, meaning they have not spread. They are contained within the milk ducts and are called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).

2. “Has the cancer spread to my lymph nodes?”

Whether your cancer has infected your lymph nodes—or elsewhere in your body that are part of the immune system—is among the important predictors of the severity of the disease. Once the lymph nodes are involved, it changes the treatment plan—more aggressive approaches, like chemotherapy, are considered.

3. “How big is the tumour?”

The size of the tumour is another vital indicator that will help determine your treatment plan. Your Singapore oncologist uses the size of the tumour to identify the ‘Stage’ and further categorize your cancer. The size will be estimated through physical examination, ultrasound, mammogram, or MRI of the breast. The accurate size of the tumour won’t be known until a pathologist has examined the tumour after it is surgically removed.

4. “What stage is my cancer?”

Staging of cancer is a way of classifying the severity of a patient’s case. You may have heard of Stages 0 to IV, which reflects the size of the tumour and the severity of the metastasis. The higher the stage, the bigger the tumour is. Your oncologist uses staging to create a treatment plan, gauge prognosis, and communicate with other Singapore oncology consultants.

5. “Do I need to undergo a surgery, and if so what kind?

The answer for this question varies from patient to patient, and may change over time as the tumour grows. Some cases cannot initially be removed through surgery. In other instances, whether or not to operate and the type of surgery depends on the stage of the disease, the location and size of the tumour, and the size of the breast. If your cancer is operable, your choices would be breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy. Within each of the two broad treatment categories lie more surgical options. Discuss with your Singapore oncologist, and if in doubt, you can certainly seek for second opinion.

6. “Do I need radiation?”

In general, Singapore oncologists recommend radiation therapy for breast cancer patients who undergo surgery for removal of cancer tumour (lumpectomy). For patients who undergo whole-breast removal, radiation therapy may be recommended for those who are at higher risk of re-growing cancer cells again—those with tumours larger than five centimetres and with over four cancer-affected lymph nodes.

7. “Do I need chemotherapy?”

Typically, this cancer treatment is a must for women with high-risk cases. Some factors that may indicate that you need chemotherapy are cancer-infected lymph nodes, higher-grade tumours, HER2-positive tumours, and breast cancer cases in patients below 40 years old. If you need chemo, it will be provided as an outpatient treatment every two to three weeks, delivered through a port of directly into your vein.

8. “Do I long-term medication?”

If you have ER/PR-positive tumour, meaning your tumour can detect estrogen and use it to fuel its growth, your oncologist will likely recommend to continue getting an anti-estrogen therapy for up to 10 years after cancer treatment. Anti-estrogen treatment is usually a once-daily pill. For women in premenopausal stage, tamoxifen is the commonly prescribed medication; postmenopausal women have more options.

9. “Should I undergo breast reconstruction?

The answer for this involves medical and personal considerations. Some patients prefer not have breast reconstruction, while others believe that it benefits their physical appearance and psychological recovery. As for when the right time is for breast reconstruction, this depends on the stage of your cancer. Women with early-stage cancer and have been treated can have immediate reconstruction. But for those with Stage III cancer, discuss with your oncologist the right timing for a reconstruction surgery.

10. “Should I consider clinical trials?”

Treatments for breast cancer have improved tremendously over the years, and the reason for that significant progress is because patients have been willing to try the newer treatment options. For any stage of cancer, a well-thought clinical trial could be the best option you have. If you’re willing to consider this option, your oncologist Singapore can answer the questions about clinical trials you may have in mind.

Any cancer is a critical threat to your health, but being diagnosed with one doesn’t mean it’s going to bring you to a terrible end. Get up and fight for a better health. With the right knowledge about your situation, it’s easier to look for ways on how to counteract this highly treatable disease.

Every Girl’s Guide to Caring for Colour-Treated Hair


You finally took the plunge to dye your strands. With an endless inspiration, you dyed your hair lavender or perhaps you went for the classic blonde and auburn shade. So, now what? Surely, you wouldn’t want all the time and money you spent on dyeing your tresses to get easily washed down the drain. With that in mind, we asked some of the top hairstylists in Singapore for tips on how you could possibly keep your strands looking as shiny and bright as when you left the salon, and here’s what they said:


  1. Avoid Washing Prior to Your Salon Appointment

Regardless of the colour you’re planning to dye your hair, hairstylists recommend not washing your hair two days prior to your hair dye appointment, so as to prevent any possible scalp irritation from occurring. It’d also be good to skip on applying products that could prevent the colour from penetrating your strands, such as hair wax or teasing powder.

  1. Perform Weekly Hair Masks

Every colour-treated hair needs a weekly mask, so ensure that you perform one regularly. Not only will this keep your strands well moisturized, it’ll also help in maintaining the vibrancy of your hair dye. Some of the good hair masks that you can try is L’Oréal’s EverPure Moisture Deep Restorative Masque. It won’t cost you more than S$10, but it can already provide the nourishment that your colour-treated hair needs.

  1. Use the Right Shampoo

If you dyed your hair blonde, then it’d be best to purchase a shampoo formulated specially for blonde hair. Also, limit using a volumizing shampoo after your colour appointment, as it can expand the hair shaft and make your strands look brassy.


  1. Let the Colour Soak In

Have a brown hair? Then the best thing you can do after getting your strands coloured is to avoid washing it for the next two days. Doing so allows the colour to properly soak onto your hair, resulting in a hair dye that won’t easily fade away.

  1. Apply a Clear Gloss

Applying hair gloss is necessary for colour-treated hair, but do opt for a clear gloss if you dyed your strands red. While there are red hair glosses available in malls, do understand that some of these glosses aren’t made for most shades of red – and it might not also work out that way you wanted it to. Instead, consider using a clear formula for a week or two to keep your red hair as bright as when you left the salon.

Making your hair colour last longer doesn’t need to be stressful if you know how to properly care for it. So the next time you decide on dyeing your strands, do keep these pro tips in mind so you could enjoy your colour-treated hair for as long as you want.


How to Naturally Grow Out Your Pixie Cut


Pixie cuts are irrefutably adorable in its own way, but if you’re thinking of switching up your look for a bit then you might be wondering about how you can naturally grow your hair out without looking like a mismatched mess. With that in mind, we listed down some easy ways on how you can stylishly grow out from your pixie cut.

Chanel : Front Row - Paris Fashion Week - Haute Couture S/S 2015

  1. Trim Your Strands

Although you may think it’s counterproductive, trimming your hair is actually necessary to ensure that your strands grow beautifully instead of thin and straggly. Since you’ll be waiting for your tresses to grow out, then you might as well ensure that they grow out healthily.

  1. Grow Your Hair in Sections

Aside from regularly trimming your strands, growing out your hair in sections is another way to naturally transition from your pixie cut. As much as possible, aim for a trimmed back of your mane with the front and top pieces kept a bit longer. Your goal is to achieve that bowl-shaggy cut blend that’s cute, spunky and easier to style.

  1. Learn to Love Your Bangs

As you grow out your pixie cut, you have to learn to love your bangs for quite some time. Go for a sexy look by considering a side sweep bangs that dangles over your one eye, or opt for a retro-inspired look with a thick bangs lined right above your eyebrows. If you really can’t find it in you to embrace your bangs, however, simply tuck them away with a bobby pin until they’ve grown out more.


  1. Make Great Use of Bobby Pins

When growing out a pixie cut, bobby pins will always be best friend. Simply pin those uneven strands that are stuck at an awkward length, and make some cute hairstyle out of it. Using bobby pins to create numerous trendy styles for your tresses won’t only help in covering up that awkward length, it’ll also ensure that you stay stylish all day long.

  1. Embrace the Shag

One of the best routes to go when growing out your pixie cut is to pull off a thick, tangled hairstyle. Not only are shags trendy and easy to style, they also evoke a carefree attitude that matches any girl’s style with ease. So bring out your 1970’s inspiration and make the most out of your shag for a while.

Growing out your strands from a pixie cut doesn’t have to be that challenging. All you’ve got to do is to properly care for your hair, choose a hairstyle that suits you and embrace it.


Why Invest On a VoIP?

Today, most business owners in Singapore know the purpose and benefits of ‘the cloud’. Many companies today use cloud storage applications to store important files and host their customer data, as well as use cloud-based business management tools to perform day-to-day tasks. However, many businesses are still hesitant to switch to a VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) system.


Are you one of those companies in Singapore who are still trying to figure out whether or not to switch to an Internet-based telecommunications system? Here are a few reasons why we think your company needs Voice over IP system.

1. More Cost-effective Than Standard Phone Services

Traditional phone services require substantial investment. There is the cost of hardware, installation, and the constant maintenance and upgrade. Apparently, most start-ups and small companies do not have the budget to implement this solution.

VoIP in Singapore require absolutely no capital as this kind of telecommunications service is hosted in the Internet. Your business is only charged for an affordable flat-rate monthly fee and perhaps calling minutes used for long distance calls, which are fairly cheap as well. You don’t need to purchase and install price equipment and hardware, meaning there’s no additional expenditure for maintenance, either.

2. Experience Immense Scalability

Planning to expand your business in the next few months? A Voice over IP is your best partner for your business communication needs.

One of the greatest advantages of VoIP in Singapore is the ability to easily and quickly adjust for your workforce. To add new users or employees to your system, simply contact your service provider and request for additional extensions. Your service provider will deploy them in a few clicks, allowing your employees to start right away. Plus, the cost per extension from www.crystalvoice.com.sg in Singapore typically decreases as the number of user increases, so you’ll actually save more as you scale.

3. VoIP Service Providers Offer Disaster Recovery Function

Whether you own a small or large company, you just cannot afford system failure and loss of data. If you have you are using a standard phone network, all of your equipment are housed in one location. If unforeseen disaster happens, like fire or flood, your equipment will be damaged at once and your business communications will be offline.

Since VoIP is cloud-based, you do not have to worry about accidents and outages due to natural disasters. Reliable Voice over IP service providers utilize network management tools that are able to detect potential failures in advance and use multiple data centres to ensure your data are safe and that no failure stops your service.


4. No More Hardware Maintenance

As mentioned, VoIP are internet-based, and that means all you need is a laptop or desktop and an Internet connection. You can make and take calls and use your Voice over IP features through a simple program dashboard.

And since Voice over IP system is managed by your service provider, your company is not responsible for the necessary upgrades and maintenance of the system. This also means that your company saves money and time that would have been spent on repairs and maintenance checks.

5. User-Friendly for Employees

Remember the struggle of forwarding a call on a standard phone system? Have you been stuck multiple times trying to figure out your password to access your voicemail remotely? Do you constantly find yourself glued in the office, waiting for an important call?

Traditional telecommunication providers offer basic features, but they are no longer enough to support the nature of today’s businesses. Voice over IP technology is incorporated into your existing system, like the web and your mobile devices. Management portals and features are customizable to provide a simplified interface for ease of use. Call forwarding is easier (no more prefixes required) with integrated find-me feature. You and your employees can access your e-mail anytime and anywhere, be it through your office desktop or personal mobile phone. All these—and many more—are achievable with VoIP in Singapore.

6. Quality Service

Small businesses and consumer-oriented VoIP services use public Internet to transfer voice packets back to the provider. In these cases, quality is not ensured. It is important that your Voice over IP runs in a reliable network to make sure that data are sent in its best quality to minimize jitter, latency and packet loss.

Moreover, VoIP provides a host of functions that are difficult to access with traditional phone system, such as making calls from your laptop or PC and diverting calls to your personal mobile phone. New features like these ensure quality performance of your company and, thus, positively impact your business’ bottom line.

7. Work Smarter, Not Harder

More technologies pop up every day, and the longer you wait to embrace it, the costlier and more time-consuming it will be later on.

Adaptability is about the difference between adapting to win and adapting to cope. The skill to easily adapt to newer business technologies is the edge of industry leaders from those who are left behind. VoIP in Singapore allows offer many great benefit and lets your company work smarter, not harder.

The modernization of communications technology over the years has evolved in ways that significantly helps companies in Singapore to do business. The market keeps us all busy and moving, but still communication is the key to great relationship with clients, colleagues, and business partners. VoIP in Singapore can significantly change the way we do business telecommunications and is certainly worth every dollar you spent on it.


5 Common Causes of Hair Fall

Hair fall problems are one of the most alarming problems experienced by men and women in Singapore and all throughout the world. We lose some hair when we shower, blow dry or brush our hair. We think of numerous ways on how to address our hair fall problem yet not all the time it’s cured. It’s about time we identify the causes in order to know on how to effectively address such problems:


  1. Hereditary Hair Loss. Most of the people who experience hair fall are due to hereditary hair loss. It is called androgenetic alopecia which is the genetic cause of hair loss. When your parents experience such problem, more likely you are going to inherit it. You have to consult your dermatologists in order to know how will you solve this type of cause.


  1. Excessive Styling. Different hairstyles require different ways on how to make them as fabulous as they are. We use flat irons, hair curlers, and other chemicals just to get our hair straighter, curlier or have it in color shades we think are stylish. Apart from that, too much shampooing, combination of treatments and dyeing can stress our hair which is why it causes our hair to fall out. With that, split ends are usually observed and breakage of hair happens frequently.


  1. Telogen Effluvium. This is an alarming phenomenon of hair loss. It is usually experienced after pregnancy, major surgery, drastic weight loss, or extreme stress. Apart from hormonal effects, the consumption of some medications can trigger this problem. If you do not want to shed all your hair out, you might as well consult experts and make yourself stress-free as much as possible.


  1. Scalp Conditions. Hair will find it difficult to grow if it unhealthy and inflamed. The usual skin problems in the scalp are dandruff, psoriasis and other infections caused by fungi or worms. There are medications and shampoos specifically made to cure such scalp conditions so you might as well have your scalp checked by your dermatologist as soon as possible.


  1. Iron Deficiency Anemia. Those people who are prone to iron deficiency like women who experience heavy periods or those who do not eat enough iron-rich foods. These people lack red blood cells needed to give them enough energy that their body need. If you are one of these people, you might experience weakness, pale skin, fatigue, headaches, and of course hair loss. In order to address this problem, you need to consume iron-rich foods like fish, pork, vegetables, beans, etc. In worst case scenarios, you can consult your doctor for possible iron supplements.


7 Fashion Trends for Your OOTD

Deciding what trends to follow can be very tricky. If you are a fashion enthusiast, if would be quite difficult to decide since you now there are a lot of trendy styles out there that you can follow like the current hot picks in Singapore and other leading fashion cities in the world. To help guide you, here are the fashion trends you can wear for your day to day OOTD:


  1. Cropped Tops. These are trendy tops you can definitely use especially if you are confident with your body. You can strut through the streets wearing a cropped top with a mini or long skirt. You can even wear it with shorts or any pants that would best pair with its design.


  1. Cape Tops and Blazer. For office and business women, these are very trendy. It’s the perfect outfit once paired with pencil skirt, basic tops, and stilettos. You can also wear these on special occasions like weddings and birthdays. You can be very chic to look at even in both casual and formal.


  1. Anything Denim. What’s there not to love about denim? You can wear it with most probably anything. You can wear a denim distressed jeans or a denim button-front A-line skirt and pair it with basic tank, floral, or crochet tops. Denim jackets are also quite popular nowadays especially if you’re living in a tropical country. You can wear these any day.


  1. Leather Jackets. If you want to unleash the rock chic fashion girl in you, then these are the type of jackets you should mix-up with your clothes.


  1. Slitted Skirts. These skirts are quite popular the past few years and most especially this year. Aside from the fact that it’s very comfortable to wear, you can show how sexy and alluring you are by exposing your legs a bit. These are impeccable if paired with the sexy spaghetti strapped tops or sleeveless tops.


  1. Mirrored Sunglasses. Nowadays, teenagers and ladies prefer mirrored sunglasses over the usual black shades of sunglasses. With a lot of brands offering these sunglasses, you can have a vast array of choices for colors and designs.


  1. Over the knee boots. These are best used on daytime or even night time. You can wear it casually or during special events. It’s very flexible specifically if you have one in black leather or suede. You can pair it with miniskirts to emphasize your long stems or you can wear shorts and slick dresses. It would really depend how you style your whole outfit with it.


Sleeping Without Underwear: Why It’s Good for You

Sleep is very important in the conduct of our daily lives. Without it, energy lost will not be replenished and it can translate to lower productivity and changed mood. We do not like this therefore we should do our best to give ourselves the rest we deserve. If you have troubles sleeping, there are different things that you can consider.


For example, when sleeping, forget about television or mobile phone so it can be conducive. If it is not enough, you can drink milk or take a hot shower. We do things to sleep comfortably but sometimes our attempts become futile because of different factors surrounding us. We should not stop. We have to continuously explore and eventually discover things that can lead us to a fine slumber.

In this case, have you tried sleeping without underwear? This is not a good idea for many Singaporeans but you have to believe when experts say that wearing such during sleep is actually bad for your health. D. Alyssa Dweck, a gynaecologist said that wearing underwear or pants in bed can actually increase the person’s risk of infection.

Going to sleep without underwear is bold but it has scientific evidence that it can do good to your health. If the groin is always covered (by fabric), it encouraged moisture. You have to know that moisture is the perfect breeding ground for yeast and bacteria.


If you cannot do it without underwear but you are worried about the moisture, choose a specific fabric. You have to look absorbent or moisture-wicking fabrics. If you cannot find one, it is time to look for “granny panties”. These panties are loose.

For men, Dr. Brian Steixner of the Jersey Urology Group also said that wearing underwear can lead to fertility problems. Men should have the right temperature to optimize sperm production and wearing underwear does not encourage optimization of sperm.

Same with women, if men do not approve of not wearing underwear at night, they should at least choose loose-fitting briefs to give the private area space and a little bit of air to keep away from moisture.

You have to know that letting all body parts – including private ones air dry can be helpful. It is also hygienic. The good thing is that there are many fabrics in the market if you are not comfortable of not wearing anything. Choose fabrics that are good for your private areas and think of the moisture and infection when choosing.


Sexually Transmitted Diseases: How Effects Impact Women Differently From Man

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) is undoubtedly one of the major health challenges in Singapore, especially among women. If left untreated, these infections can cause serious health complications (or death in extreme cases) and can damage the reproductive organs to the point of infertility. Unfortunately, a person can get infected and show minimal or no symptoms at all.


STD screening and HIV testing are the keys to prevention of the disease. Why is it believed that women are affected differently and are more prone to STDs? Below are the reasons why STDs impact women severely than men.

1. Women’s anatomy is more prone to infection compared to men’s.

According to a women’s health clinic professional, women’s internal anatomy can serve as a breeding ground for infection as it allows bacteria to get deeply into the body and multiply easily in the moist environment. The consequence of all these can be checked out by http://www.mlamclinic.com.sg/anonymous-hiv-testing/ in Singapore to ensure that your sexual health is ok. Moreover, the lining of the vagina is thinner and more delicate than the skin of the penis, making it easier for viruses and bacteria to penetrate and thrive.

2. STD symptoms have the same symptoms with minor female reproductive problems.

Women usually confuse STD symptoms for something less serious. Women experience normal discharge, especially before and after menstruation; abdominal pain before getting their period; and itching and burning feeling when having occasional yeast infection. Men, on the other hand, can easily detect signs of STDs like discharge because they don’t normally experience one.

3. Women are less likely to show symptoms.

Common STDs like gonorrhoea and chlamydia often show minimal to no symptoms on women compared to men, according to men’s health clinic. If symptoms occur, they go away on its own even if the infection still remains.

4. Lesions can happen internally.

Genital lesions (like from syphilis or herpes) usually occur inside the vagina and can go unnoticed, while in men, symptoms are more likely noticeable as the sores and ulcers happen externally—on the penis.

5. STDs can affect women’s reproductive plans.

If left untreated, STDs can lead to serious health problems and cause infertility, which can affect a woman’s future pregnancy plans. Unresolved STD cases can also cause internal inflammatory problems in the reproductive system, which can result to ectopic pregnancy or inability to conceive. Chlamydia, a common STD, can also affect men’s fertility but not as severe as women’s.

6. Pregnant women can pass the disease to their babies.

HIV, syphilis, and genital herpes can be passed to unborn babies. Some of the harmful effects of STD include low birth weight, brain damage, deafness and blindness, and stillbirth (a baby that’s born dead).

7. HPV is a common cause of cervical cancer.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common STDs, and is the number one cause of cervical cancer among Singapore women. Fortunately, there is now HPV vaccine, which helps prevent many kinds of reproductive cancer. Although HPV is also common in men, most cases don’t develop into more serious health complications.

Reducing Chances of Getting STDs


Regardless of the gender, STDs pose a serious threat to the health. Fortunately, there are plenty of ways to reduce the risk of getting infected. But of course, the best way to avoid STD is to abstain from sex. For those sexually active people, there are many ways to secure your health from these infections.

• Be open with your partner. Talk to your partner about sexual health, STDs, HIV testing, and other prevention methods before any sexual interaction. Open communication about your sexual health and encourages respect and trust in the relationship and helps reduce risks for STDs.

• Get tested. If you have never had any sexual contact with another person, there is no risk of getting infected. However, if your new partner has had sex with anyone else, STD screening will let you know whether he or she may have STD.

• Limit your number of partners. If you intend on having sex, have it with just one person. The fewer partners you have, the lesser chances you will get contracted.

• Take advantage of vaccines. An important preventive tool against STDs is vaccination. So far, the vaccines available can protect against hepatitis A and B and HPV. Visit a GP clinic to know more about these anti-STD vaccines.

• Use condoms. Men’s health clinic professionals always remind sexually active men to use condoms as they serve as barrier during intercourse. Condoms are great in preventing most STDs from being passed on from one person to another when used correctly and consistently. And by consistently, we mean correctly using condoms every time you have anal, vaginal, or oral sex.

• Lubricate sufficiently. Along with using condoms, sufficient lubrication should be used during intercourse to avoid abrasions caused by friction. Abrasions and wounds, no matter how small, create a potential place for bacteria and viruses to thrive in the genital area.

• Avoid alcohol and drugs. Avoiding alcohol and drug use significantly shrinks your risk of contracting an infection, being forced to have sex, and unwanted pregnancy. When not intoxicated with alcohol and drugs, we make better decisions. Moreover, intravenous drugs require the use of needle. By sharing needles, it’s possible to spread or contract an infection. If donating blood, make sure that the nurse is using disposable needles and uses proper precaution while drawing blood.

STDs affect both men and women in Singapore. However, some STDs affect women more seriously than men, which means women should be extra careful when it comes to sexual and reproductive health. Good thing there are now tests, treatments, and preventive procedures available in women’s health clinic that are especially tailored to meet women’s reproductive needs against STDs. With the right knowledge and by working with a qualified specialist, you can protect yourself against these potentially fatal infections.


What Is the Finest Spectacle Here on Earth?


If you ask some people what is the finest spectacle here on earth, expect different answers. This is a subjective question so do not expect the same replies. However, for those who believe that sky is a marvel, their answer would be the same – the aurora. If you do not know what this is, it is time to get to know one of the finest spectacle here on earth.


Aurora is also called polar light and it refers to the spectacular natural light display in the sky. The aurora can be primarily seen in Antarctic, Arctic and other high altitude regions. Scientifically, auroras are created when magnetosphere is bothered by solar wind. The ionization leads to the emission of different complexity and colour. In Norse mythology, it is believed that the auroras are an effect of the Valkyrior’s spears and helmets when they ride. Their armours flash over the Northern skies because of their hasty movement.

Fancy seeing one of the finest spectacle here on earth? You have to know that there are two counterparts of aurora. In Northern latitudes, it is called Aurora Borealis or Northern lights. In Southern latitudes, it is called Aurora Australis or Southern lights. There is no difference between the two except their location. Same thing happens.

Now the question is: where should you head to at least catch a glimpse of this finest spectacle? Unless you live in the far South or North, you have to travel. People tend to travel North than South when thinking about seeing the lights. It is said that Aurora Australis is more difficult to catch. Northern lights are more popular.


If you are from Singapore, you have to travel to the Arctic to see Aurora Borealis. You can visit Canada, Greenland, Alaska, Norway, Russia and other countries within the Arctic Circle. If you decide to see the Aurora Australis, you have to head to New Zealand, The Falklands and Argentina.

The best time to catch a glimpse is during the winter months. If you are heading to the Northern lights, ideal months are October through April. If you are heading to the Southern lights, ideal months are May through September. Remember that the more hours of darkness will give you better chances of seeing the Auroras. It will also help visiting the Aurora forecasts so you will know how active they are and where you can see it.

You will surely see one of the finest or perhaps the finest spectacles here on earth.


The Risks of Advanced Maternal Age

When you are beyond the age of 35 and are pregnant, you’re considered to be of advanced maternity age. As you age, the amount of egg cells you produce lowers and the produced eggs are no longer as healthy as you were in your 20s.


Gynaecologists in Singapore use the age of 35 as a key point in determining whether you need advanced medical care due to higher pregnancy risk. Although not all women above the age of 35 have complicated pregnancies, obstetricians and gynaecologists remain on alert throughout your maternity just in case.

Fraternal Twins

When you get pregnant at a more mature age, there’s an increased chance of giving birth to fraternal twins. In addition to your age, the number of pregnancies you have had also plays a major role. If you become pregnant in your late 30s and have four or more pregnancies prior to the current pregnancy, you are three times more likely to have fraternal twins.

Down Syndrome

Another pregnancy risk that’s notable to mature expectant moms is Down Syndrome. This condition is due to chromosome defect, which is thought to be associated with aging egg cells. By the age of 40, one in 100 women is at risk of giving birth to a child with Down Syndrome. Above the age of 40, the chance of your unborn of developing the condition increases exponentially. It is good to visit http://www.thomsonmedical.com/thomson-womens-clinics-2/ in Singapore to check the health of the baby before continuing with the pregnancy. By the time you reach 49 and are pregnant, your risk increases at around eight percent or one in every 12 women. Your gynaecologist may request for a chronic virus sampling (CVS) or an amniocentesis to check the possibilities of Down Syndrome in your fetus.

Hypertensive Complications

An increased blood pressure can cause complications during pregnancy. If you are 35 or older, you are likely to have higher possibility of developing pre-pregnancy hypertension. High blood pressure can be a cause of premature delivery, which also means that older women are likely to deliver premature or underweight babies. Your gynae is fully aware of this risk and should provide the necessary care to avoid and treat hypertensive complications.



This is another pregnancy problem associated with advanced maternal age, which usually happens after the 20th week of pregnancy. Expectant moms after the age of 40 are more than twice as likely to have stillborn babies. Although stillbirth is not as common in both young and mature pregnancy, death of child during pregnancy is still possible.

Maternal Death

Lastly, as women get older, there’s higher risk of maternal death during pregnancy and delivery. According to research, women aging 35 and older are three times as likely to die due to complications caused by pregnancy and labour compared to young moms. However, like stillbirth, maternal death is not very common at any age.

Lowering Risks of Pregnancy Complications

Taking good care of yourself is the best you can do to ensure the safety of your unborn child. Pay attention to these basics, and you will guarantee the health of your baby regardless of your age.

• Seek Pre-Conception Appointment
Talk to your doctor about your overall health and any necessary lifestyle changes to improve your chances of healthy pregnancy. If you have any concerns about fertility and pregnancy, this is the time to discuss them with your gynae. Ask about how to increase the odds of conception—and the treatment options if experiencing troubles with getting pregnant.

• Have Regular Prenatal Check-Ups
Regular hospital visits help your ob-gynae to monitor your and your baby’s health. If you’re experiencing unusual symptoms or have any concerns about your condition, mention it to your gynae. Talking to your healthcare provider will give you peace of mind and make it easier for your doctor to ensure optimum health of both you and your baby.

• Take Prenatal Multivitamins
Most prenatal multivitamin supplements contain more folic acid than you’ll typically find in standard supplements. It is important to have adequate amount of folic acid in the body during the early stages of pregnancy to greatly reduce the baby’s risk of developing neural tube defects. Ideally, your healthcare provider will ask you to start taking your vitamins one month before conceiving. Once your pregnancy is confirmed, your gynaecologist will likely increase your dosage to 600 micrograms from 400 micrograms.

• Stay Active
You don’t have to run a marathon to keep a healthy weight, but simple physical activities are required to boost your energy and improve overall health. Activities like morning walks help ease or even prevent discomfort brought by advanced-age pregnancy. Just make sure to get your ob-gynae’s approval before proceeding with an exercise program.

• Say No to Any Form of Alcohol
Do not drink while you are pregnant. Any alcohol you take reaches your baby through your bloodstream, and your unborn can end up with higher alcohol level that you are. Regardless of how little you take, you increase the chances of having low-birthweight baby and the risk of your baby to develop problems with speech, learning, attention span and language.

• Consider Testing For Chromosomal Abnormalities
Discuss with your gynaecology expert about prenatal testing for chromosomal abnormalities. This test examines your fetal DNA to determine whether your child is at risk of certain chromosomal abnormalities. However, this test can carry a slight risk of miscarriage. Your gynae should be able to explain to you more about this test and help you get through it safely if you consider having one.

Pregnancy risks differ from woman to woman. Although age is a significant factor, the mother’s overall health status is still the biggest contributor that can increase or decrease the odds of developing unfavourable issues during pregnancy. To ensure your and your unborn child’s health, talk to gynaecology specialist prior to pregnancy.